Chihuahua  Dog Breed: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

Not merely due to his affiliation with a particular fast-food Mexican restaurant, the Chihuahua is a spicy little fiery taco. He is known for being the tiniest dog in the entire world, yet inside his little frame may have the largest personality. He appeals to both men and women because of his larger-than-life demeanor.

Chihuahuas are playful and active dogs who adore being near their owners. They go with them in tote bags when their owners run errands or go shopping, and they accompany them everywhere in the home. Chihuahuas frequently develop strong bonds with only one person, and if they’re given too much attention, they can become obnoxious.

Chihuahua  Dog Breed

About The Breed

If they are not socialized as young pups, chihuahuas may not be sociable with other canines. The fact that Chihuahuas don’t back down from other dogs might be problematic if they come across a huge hostile dog. Keep an eye on your Chihuahua when in the yard. He could come under assault from a hawk, other raptors, big dogs, or coyotes.

These dogs might be wary of new people. Pick a pup who was born and reared in a household with lots of human contact.

The ideal dog to have when you have small children is not a chihuahua. Chihuahuas are delicate dogs; therefore, a little child playing with one might cause injury. Most breeders won’t provide pups for sale to families with children under the age of eight.

Chihuahua Dog Breed History

Uncertainty surrounds the Chihuahua’s past. The dog was found in the Mexican state of Chihuahua about 1850, thus its name. Some experts believe that the dog was created by the Incas or Aztecs, while others claim that the breed may be traced back to Spanish canines as early as the 1500s.

It’s also unclear how the dog was used in the past. Some speculate that Central American Indians may have utilized chihuahuas as food, while others believe the dogs had significant religious significance. Early in the 19th century, the first Chihuahuas are said to have arrived in the United States.

Chihuahua Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed Name Chihuahua 
Dog Breed TypeCompanion Dogs
Height6 inches to 9 inches tall
Weight 3 to 6 pounds
Life Expectancy10 to 18 years
Coat TypeSmooth and long. Dense, longer fur on the collar and a silky, shining fur that fits snugly to the body
Common Colorsblack, white, fawn, chocolate, grey, and silver.
Grooming NeedsModerate Grooming Needs
Temperamentplayful, friendly, lively, and a Lil aggressive.
Apartment Livingideal for Apartment living.
Pet FriendlyYes
Exercise Requirements:low
Tendency to Drool:low tendency 
Intelligence LevelQuite Intelligent
Energy LevelAverage 
What To Know
• Chihuahuas might be small, but their hearts are huge! These little buddies are perfect for families or anyone looking for a loyal sidekick.

• Because of their size, The dogs need gentle treatment. Watch out for their small size, especially with kids, and make sure they have a safe space to avoid accidents.

• These dogs can get chilly, so a stylish doggy sweater is a must in cooler weather. Keep them snug and looking adorable!

• Despite their size, Chihuahuas love to play. A little walk and some playtime will keep them happy and healthy.

• Chihuahuas love meeting new friends. Introduce them to different people and pets early on to nurture their friendly spirit.


Chihuahua  Dog Breed


These pint-sized doggies easily adjust to various living spaces, making them perfect for both flats and houses. Their transportable size and pleasant nature lead them to extraordinary travel partners, whether or not it is a road journey or a relaxed weekend getaway.

Chihuahuas are known for forming sturdy bonds with their owners, thriving in unique environments, or even getting alongside properly with different pets.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


Chihuahuas are brilliant-friendly! These tiny puppies may be small, but their hearts are big. They love being with humans and make extraordinary pals for households or each person seeking out a devoted friend.

Whether they’re cuddling on your lap or chasing their tails with joy, These dogs are specialists at making you smile. They’re now not simply friendly to people; they get along well with different doggie buddies too.

With their warm and fascinating personalities, Chihuahuas are like little ambassadors of happiness in the dog global.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


Despite having a reputation as a lapdog, Chihuahuas are very active dogs who would rather be running about, playing, and barking than napping. It is often reserved with strangers and likes the companionship of its family members, both human and canine.

Many chihuahuas are prone to challenge larger dogs since they may be feisty and have a persistent bark. While the majority of Chihuahuas are confident, some can be too shy to the point of being uneasy.

The dogs are often friendly and lively. However, because of their tiny stature, they can be challenging to train.

If its activity requirements are satisfied, this breed may be an excellent choice for senior citizens, but it is sometimes unsuitable for extremely small children.

Although this quick-to-bark breed can make a great watchdog, it is a poor protective dog. It should be emphasized that while these assertions are a well-established and generally recognized generalization regarding the breed, specific Chihuahua behavior may vary.


They’re superbly affectionate and love being close to their owners. These little guys are recognized for their assured personalities, and despite the fact that they’re tiny, they may be a bit sassy every now and then.

They’re playful and enjoy games, so spending time with them is always fun. Chihuahuas may be a piece shy around new people, but with a little love and socializing, they become great buddies.

Friendly with kids

Chihuahuas love kids! Their small size makes them perfect playmates, and their gentle demeanor means they’re great around children. Just supervise playtime to ensure everyone has fun and stays safe.

Amicable to other pets

Chihuahuas are friendly not just with humans but with other pets too! With a bit of introduction and patience, they can become pals with cats, dogs, or even birds. Socializing them early helps create a happy, harmonious pet family.

Barking tendencies

Chihuahuas can be chatty, but it’s manageable. A little training with treats and positive vibes goes a long way. Teach them when it’s time to be quiet, and you’ll have a happy, peaceful home.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

While they love company, Chihuahuas can handle alone time. Make sure they have toys, a cozy spot, and they’ll be just fine for short periods. Regular walks and play keep them happy when you’re back!

Pros and Cons of Chihuahua Dog Breed


  • Chihuahuas are small and portable, ideal for apartment living or those with limited space.
  • They form strong bonds with their owners, providing companionship and loyalty.
  • Their short coat requires minimal grooming, making them low-maintenance.


  • Due to their small size, Chihuahuas can be delicate and prone to injury.
  • They may have a tendency to bark excessively if not properly trained.
  • Chihuahuas crave attention and may experience separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods.

Male vs Female Attitude

Male and female Chihuahuas are equally delightful, but they may show slight differences in behavior. Males are often more playful and affectionate, enjoying goofier antics. Females, while equally loving, can be a bit more independent. Remember, every dog is an individual, and their personalities vary. Whether you pick a boy or a girl, you’re in for a charming, lovable friend.

Chihuahua  Dog Breed


Chihuahuas are tiny wonders with a huge persona! Standing 6 to nine inches tall and weighing just a few pounds, these lovable dogs have spherical, expressive eyes that capture hearts. They come in quick or lengthy coats, showcasing quite a few colorations.

Despite their small length, Chihuahuas are bursting with self-belief and charm. Whether smooth or fluffy, their appearance is constantly cute, making them best companions for folks who adore having a compact and affectionate hairy friend by means of their facet.

Coat Color And Grooming

There are two distinct coat kinds for chihuahuas: silky and long. A frill of dense, longer fur on the collar and a silky, shining fur that fits snugly to the body describe the smooth-coated Chihuahua. The tail is hairy, while the coat on the head and ears is sparser.

These dogs may be found in a variety of colors and markings, in addition to having two different coat types. In addition to basic hues like black, white, fawn, chocolate, grey, and silver, they can also have a range of markings, including tricolor, brindle, spots, merle, and other patterns. For all hues, shades range from extremely light to extremely dark.

The Chihuahua is an easy-going breed of dog. Weekly basis, brushing him simply takes a couple of minutes.

For this dog with light hair, use a brush with small, organic bristles once per week; for a Chihuahua having long hair, use a pin brush. The removal of flaky or broken hair is aided by a fine-toothed flea brush.


Their short coats mean less hair around the house. A quick brush now and then keeps it in check. Plus, it’s a fantastic way to show some love to your tiny buddy. With a simple grooming routine and a healthy diet, your Chihuahua stays happy, and you have a clean and cozy home.


The average Chihuahua weighs between 3 and 6 lbs. There are smaller Chihuahuas, but they usually aren’t in very good condition. The dogs are also capable of being overweight; some can weigh 10 lbs or more. Families with children may find these to be wise options.


Although the dog has no significant health issues, like all breeds, he may be born with or develop some illnesses. Even while not every Chihuahua may have one or more of these illnesses, it’s still vital to be aware of them so you can ask educated questions of breeders and know what to watch for as your dog ages.

The following ailments might have an impact on Chihuahuas:

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Heart Murmurs
  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Collapsed Trachea

Health test

Health TestPurpose
Patellar LuxationChecks for knee joint issues
Cardiac ExamAssesses heart health and detects potential issues
Ophthalmic EvaluationScreens for eye conditions
Dental CheckupEnsures good oral health
Blood Tests (CBC, Chemistry Panel)Evaluates overall health and organ function
Genetic ScreeningIdentifies breed-specific genetic predispositions

Regular veterinary checkups and vaccinations are also essential for maintaining the overall health and well-being of a Chihuahua. Always consult with a veterinarian to tailor health care plans based on individual needs.

Health and Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance and Care

An apartment’s open area or even a small yard may provide this dog with the exercise it requires. You might include daily strolls or other activities for mental stimulation. However, due to the dog’s diminutive size in comparison to larger dogs, dog parks should be avoided.

Chihuahua owners should take great precautions to keep their small pets safe from larger dogs and, in some areas, raptors. Additionally, the breed must be safeguarded against falling items.

Many Chihuahuas take pleasure in swimming in calm bodies of water, such as those offered by a kid’s backyard pool. The dogs like playing and playing with little toys, but they are not especially fond of retrieving.

Food and Nutrition

Chihuahuas thrive when fed, often in tiny amounts. This aids in maintaining stable energy levels and controlling blood sugar levels in them. The majority thrive when provided three meals a day in addition to snacks to keep them going in between.

The precise number of calories needed depends on your exercise level, age, and health. On average, Chihuahuas need 35 to 40 calories per pound of body weight for adults and roughly 50 calories per day per pound of body weight for pups.

Food Cost

The monthly food cost for a Chihuahua ranges from $20 to $50, depending on factors like brand preference, dietary needs, and treat expenses. Opting for high-quality, nutritionally balanced dog food contributes to their well-being, ensuring they receive the essential nutrients for a healthy and happy life.

Exercise and Activity Level

Chihuahuas, despite their small size, have moderate exercise needs. A daily routine of short walks and interactive play keeps them physically healthy. Their energy levels are best managed with around 30 minutes of activity, ensuring they stay fit without becoming overly tired.

It’s important to consider their sensitivity to extreme temperatures. Regular, gentle exercises not only contribute to their physical well-being but also showcase their playful and affectionate nature, fostering a strong bond between Chihuahuas and their owners.

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


Chihuahuas display commendable trainability, combining intelligence with a willingness to analyze. Their petite length would not restrict their capability to comprehend instructions correctly.

Adopt a professional schooling technique by maintaining periods concisely, using high-quality reinforcement, and the usage of treats as rewards.

Patience and consistency are paramount, ensuring a smooth training experience. The Chihuahua’s responsive nature makes them short novices, forming a professional and cooperative bond.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability

Children And Other Pets

Although many Chihuahuas like kids, pairing a small dog with a young child can go wrong; if he’s not held properly, a dog may jump out of a child’s hands and hurt himself, and he won’t be afraid to protect himself if he’s being abused.

For fear of the dog being hurt, many breeders won’t sell pups to households with young children. The dogs thrive in households with calm, older kids who are familiar with how to deal with them.

If socialized early on, The dogs get along well with other household pets, including cats. The courageous Chihuahua frequently dominates larger dogs than himself, which may or may not present issues. 

Explore More Dog Breeds…

FAQs On The Chilier Dog Breed

How sophisticated are Chihuahuas?

Chihuahuas are quite bright, and they pick things up quickly. They have the desire to satisfy others and take well to constructive training techniques. Make training enjoyable, and always have snacks on hand. They may compete well in dog sports, including obedience and agility competitions.

Are Chihuahuas prone to cold weather?

Due to their poor cold tolerance, chihuahuas may shiver and tremble to remain warm. Put on a tiny dog sweater or jacket and ensure you have a comfortable and warm dog bed ready if your dog is cold. You might have to confine your dog indoors if the weather is cold.

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