Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog breed still exhibits the athletic traits of its spaniel forebears despite being bred to be a friend. Nothing makes them more excited than it is to release a bird and afterward make an effort to recapture it if they’re not resting on someone’s lap or receiving a belly massage.

The biggest of the toy breeds, Cavaliers love going on the seaside, trekking, and dog activities like agility, offspeed pitch, and rallying.

They are frequently as athletic as real professional animals. Some have already demonstrated their skill as sporting canines. The more relaxed breed members are successful as support animals and family companions.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog

About The Breed

Beautiful and tiny, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is unquestionably a candidate for the title of “top tail-wagger.” A tail that constantly moves while the Cavalier breed moves are one of the traits that breeders seek.

If his big, dark, round eyes don’t capture your heart, the distinctive wagging of the Cavalier’s plumy tail will. They can force endless amounts of food and continual caressing from anyone under their control. They are warm and glossy with a lovely look.

Unsurprisingly, this breed is prone to gaining weight, which marries its attractive lines. Be steadfast and provide a stroll or game of fetch.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed History

The toy spaniel, which has existed for centuries as a companion to royalty and aristocracy, is the breed’s prototype even though the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a relatively recent breed that was only revived less than a century ago.

The toy spaniels seen in several paintings from the sixteenth, seventeen, and eighteenth centuries by well-known artists like Van Dyck and Gainsborough are the ancestors of cavaliers.

The spaniels depicted in those paintings have long, slender noses, elevated ears, and flattened skulls. The regal and noble households of England loved these small spaniels dearly.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed Name Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Dog Breed TypeCompanion Dogs
Parent BreedsPapillons and Welsh Springer Spaniels
Height12 to 13 inches
Weight 13 to 18 pounds
Life Expectancy10 to 15 years
Coat TypeMedium-length, velvety to the touch, slightly wavy coats
Common ColorsBlenheim, Black and Tan, Ruby, and black markings on a white coat.
Grooming NeedsModerate Grooming Needs
TemperamentWitty, friendly, and mostly quiet.
Apartment Livingideal for Apartment living.
Pet FriendlyYes
Exercise Requirements:Average
Tendency to Drool:low tendency 
Intelligence LevelQuite Intelligent
Energy LevelAverage 
What To Know
• Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very friendly and love to be with people and other pets.

• These dogs might have some health problems, like issues with their hearts and ears. It’s important to take them to the vet regularly and feed them a good diet.

• Even though they’re not big, Cavaliers need exercise every day. Taking them for walks and playing with them keeps them happy.

• Their soft, long fur needs brushing to keep it nice. Pay extra attention to their ears and tail to prevent tangles.

• These dogs are smart and like to learn. Start training them early and be kind. It helps them behave well and be good friends.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog


They can live happily in apartments or houses with yards. They like being with people, so they fit well into families or with individuals. Daily walks and playtime make them happy, and they’re easygoing in different social situations.

Whether you’re young or old, they’re good companions. Their friendly nature and flexibility make them a great choice for many people and living arrangements.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


They love being with people and get along well with everyone, including other pets. These dogs are like little bundles of happiness, always ready to share love and joy. Whether meeting new friends or hanging out with family, Cavaliers bring a lot of warmth and fun to any home.

Their friendly nature makes them awesome pals for anyone looking for a loving and happy four-legged friend.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


The outgoing Cavalier is no less than a comedian who says that he has never met a stranger. The Cavalier is happy to greet everybody who comes across his path, and if they sit down and give him a treat, all the better.

The temperament of Cavaliers can range from quiet and placid to noisy and exuberant, just like those of any other breed of dog. They may or may not bark when someone knocks on the door, making them a lousy option for a watch dog unless, of course, you want to watch the thief carry off the silver.

Of course, there are exceptions; some Cavaliers will alert you to every activity in your area and bark whenever a stranger approaches, but generally speaking, you’re better off investing in an alarm system than relying on your Cavalier to warn you of danger.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a really nice attitude. They’re friendly, love being with people, and get along with everyone. These dogs are gentle and like to be close to their owners. They’re not shy and usually like meeting new friends.

Friendly with kids

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are really nice and friendly with kids. They like to play and be around children, making them great family pets. It’s always good to watch over them when they’re together, especially with younger kids, just to make sure everything goes smoothly.

Amicable to other pets

These dogs usually get along well with other pets, like cats or other dogs. They’re friendly and can adapt to different animals in the house. When introducing them to new pet friends, it’s helpful to do it slowly so everyone feels comfortable.

Barking tendencies

Cavaliers aren’t big barkers, but sometimes they might bark if they hear something unusual or see someone new. With a bit of training and spending time together, you can help them be calm and not bark too much, creating a quieter home.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

Cavaliers really like being with people, so being alone for a long time might make them a bit sad. To help them get used to it, start with short times alone and gradually increase. Giving them toys to play with can also make the alone time less boring. But, they’re happiest when they’re with their family.

Pros and Cons of the Cavalier Dog Breed


  • Cavaliers are known for their friendly and affectionate demeanor.
  • They make excellent family pets, especially with children.
  • Cavaliers usually get along well with other pets and adapt to different living situations.


  • The breed may be prone to health issues like heart problems.
  • Regular grooming is necessary due to their long, silky coat.
  • Cavaliers may experience anxiety when left alone for extended periods.

Male vs Female Attitude

Male and female Cavalier King Charles Spaniels generally share a sweet and affectionate temperament. However, some owners may notice subtle differences. Males might be a bit more outgoing and playful, while females can display a slightly more independent streak.

It’s essential to remember that individual personalities can vary, and proper training and socialization play a crucial role in shaping a Cavalier’s attitude, regardless of gender.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels look cute with a balanced body, dark expressive eyes, and a sweet face. They have soft, medium-length fur in different colors like black and white, chestnut and white, solid red, and black and tan.

Their tails are fluffy, and they always seem charming and graceful. These little dogs have a friendly appearance that makes them really lovable.

Coat Color And Grooming

Medium-length, velvety to the touch, and occasionally slightly wavy coats are characteristic of cavaliers. Feathers may be seen on the adult cavaliers’ ears, chest, legs, feet, and tail.

Four color variations of cavaliers are available: Blenheim, Black and Tan, Ruby, and black markings on a white coat.

Cavaliers require little upkeep. They must be combed or brushed three to four times every week and bathed as necessary. To get rid of tartar accumulation and the germs that live inside of it, brush your Cavalier’s teeth at least twice or three times every week.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels usually lose some hair all the time. Brush their fur a few times each week to keep it healthy and prevent tangles.

A good diet, regular exercise, and taking care of any health issues can help minimize shedding. Remember, a little grooming goes a long way in keeping these cute dogs looking and feeling good.


This little but stout dog weighs 13 to 18 lbs and reaches 12 to 13 inches tall at the shoulder. Since there is no such thing as a “toy” Cavalier, therefore you should steer clear of purchasing one from a breeder who sells dogs that are just half that size.


Although Cavaliers are typically healthy, they are susceptible to some health issues like other breeds. Not all Cavaliers will contract one or more of these illnesses, but if you’re thinking of getting one, you should be aware of them.

  • Mitral Valve Disease (MVD)
  • Syringomyelia
  • Episodic Falling
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

Health test

Health TestPurpose
Heart ExaminationIdentifies heart issues common in the breed
Eye ExaminationScreens for eye conditions and abnormalities
Hip Dysplasia EvaluationChecks for hip joint problems
Ear CheckupsPrevents and addresses ear infections and issues
Blood TestsEvaluates overall health and detects potential issues

Health and Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance and Care

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are suitable pets for apartment or condo life due to their size and often calm temperament. They are somewhat active inside, and a little yard serves as their only outside space.

A properly enclosed yard or leash-free walks are essential for this breed. They lack street smarts, and if they see a bird or other intriguing prey, they will dash directly in front of a moving vehicle. Your Cavalier will love a daily stroll or playtime in the backyard and will adjust his level of activity to match yours.

Avoid taking him for a walk during the hottest part of the day since he is a short-nosed breed, but never abandon him in a hot field without the availability of shelter or cold, fresh water.

Food and Nutrition

Half to one cup of premium dry food should be consumed every day, split between two meals. Feeding your Cavalier twice daily and weighing out his food will keep him in excellent health.

Meal TypePortion SizeFrequency
High-Quality Dog FoodAs per manufacturer’s guide2 meals per day
Lean Protein1/4 to 1/2 cup per mealDaily
Vegetables1/4 to 1/2 cup per meal2-3 times per week
FruitsSmall portions1-2 times per week
Healthy TreatsOccasionalLimited, as rewards
Fresh WaterAlways availableThroughout the day

Adjust portion sizes based on age, weight, activity level, and individual needs. Regular vet check-ups ensure a balanced and suitable diet for your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Food Cost

The monthly cost for feeding a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel varies based on factors like brand choice, size, and dietary needs. On average, high-quality dog food can cost $20-$60 per month. Treats and additional items may add around $10-$20 more.

Exercise and Activity Level

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need daily exercise to stay happy. They like short walks and playing. Even though they’re small, they enjoy being active. Playing games and spending time outside keeps them healthy and entertained. They’re not super energetic, but some fun activities each day help them stay fit and content.

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are easy to train because they’re smart and want to make you happy. Use positive words and treats during training to make it fun.

Start teaching them basic commands and how to be friendly with others when they’re still puppies. They’ll learn quickly and become good and obedient friends.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability

Children And Other Pets

Children who love throwing a ball for them, training them in stunts, engaging in dog sports, or just having them on their lap while they read or watch movies may find cavaliers to be excellent companions. Nevertheless, because of their compact size, they should be watched when engaging with young children who might accidentally hurt them.

They communicate well with other dogs and, if exposed to cats and other animals early enough, can learn how to interact with them.

Rescue Groups

Frequently, people buy cavaliers without really comprehending what it takes to maintain one. There are numerous Cavaliers who need to be adopted or fostered. There have been several rescues. Reach the national breed group or a local breed club to find a Cavalier shelter if you can’t find one listed for your region.

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FAQs On The Cavalier Dog Breed

Do Cavaliers make excellent pets?

The Cavalier is a kind, friendly breed that is anxious to please its owner. They get along well with people they don’t know and other pets, and they are excellent among kids. Cavaliers are excellent in a variety of canine sports, including etiquette, rally, and acrobatics. They are intelligent and train quickly.

Are cavaliers hounds for hunting?

Charles, the Cavalier Spaniels, are friendly, lively, and amiable dogs. They like being around their masters and other animals, and they don’t feel threatened by much bigger canines. They have a hunting instinct because they are spaniels and will pursue balls, birds, and moving vehicles.

Are Cavaliers just dogs with no motivation?

Based on their owner’s habits, cavaliers can be enthusiastic and active or sluggish lazy slobs. When they are around their friends, they are usually game for everything! Because they lack independence, these dogs will be almost hooked to your shoulder.

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