Brittany Spaniel Dog: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

A native of France, the Brittany Spaniel dog breed has been around since the 18th century.

An energetic breed, their ancestry can be traced back to the French Spaniel and the English Pointer breeds.

Both the dog breeds popular in the region for their versatility and their ability to do the work of four dogs when it comes to hunting might have been brought together to produce a better breed that had the talents of both parents combined in a single package.

Quick on their legs and possessing gracefulness, the Brittany dog breed is a medium-sized dog breed.

They are muscular, not sturdy but lean, and they are agile and swift as well. In general, these dogs have a white base layer covered in splashes of orange.

They have a short and silky coat that does not require much effort to maintain.

Other than being an active and agile breed, Brittany is also known for their sweet and playful temperament. Both protective and playful, they are a perfect balance of both sides.

Brittany Spaniel Dog

About The Breed

A high-energy dog breed, the Brittany dog breed would need an hour and more of intense exercise routine every day.

These breeds tend to get destructive if their exercise requirements are not met, and they have too much energy.

These dogs are also neurotic and will not calm down unless their needs are met. Besides physical exercises, Brittany Spaniel would also need mental stimulation.

Dog sports are your best and easiest way to make sure that your canine’s needs are met.

Brittany will also only respond to positive training, and they will need to be handled gently and with kindness.

This does not mean you should be very lenient; just take a firm but gentle stand. Brittany dog breeds are people-oriented dogs and will not do well if you leave them alone for too long.

If you must leave them alone for too long, choose the option of bringing in another dog to accompany your Brittany. 

Brittany Spaniel Dog Breed History 

The Brittany dog breed appears in art and literature only around the 17th century, but it is widely believed that this breed has been there since 150 AD.

There has been mention of a small bobtail dog that can point and retrieve in writing 1850, and this is most obviously the Brittany.

Developed in the Pontou province in Brittany, these dogs were developed mainly to make hunting easier.

These incredible dogs were quite agile and swift and could hunt in almost every terrain.

There are many theories regarding the Brittany dog breed as we have them today; it is believed that the white and orange breed was bred by mating the original Brittany with a French breed; another is that they were bred of English Pointers.

These medium-sized dogs are capable of pointing, setting, flushing, and retrieving birds and any other prey.

They were extremely popular as hunting dogs when hunting was in vogue and are now popular as family dogs.

It was in France that they were first recognized as a distinct breed; later, in the 1930s, they were recognized by the American Kennel Club. 

Brittany Spaniel Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed Name  Brittany
Other NameBrittany Spaniel; Epagneul Breton; French Brittany
Dog Breed TypePurebred
Parent BreedsFrench Pointer and English Spaniel
Height1’5” – 1’8”
Weight 30 – 40 pounds
Life Expectancy10 – 13 years 
Coat TypeShort; dense; wavy
Common ColorsLiver and white; white and orange; liver roan; orange roan; liver, white and orange
Grooming NeedsMinimal grooming needs
TemperamentAgile; alert; playful and protective
Apartment LivingCould adapt to apartment living
Pet FriendlyYes
Health ConcernsHip dysplasia; hypothyroidism; epilepsy; elbow dysplasia; diabetes; cancer
Overall HealthHealthy
Intelligence LevelVery Intelligent
TrainabilityEasy to train 
Energy LevelHigh
ActivityHigh; 90 minutes of daily activity
Litter Size1 – 11 puppies
What to know
• Brittany Spaniels are known for their boundless energy, so be prepared for an active and playful companion.
• This breed excels in various activities, from hunting to agility sports, making them adaptable to different lifestyles.
• Brittany Spaniels are generally friendly and sociable, making them great family pets and good with other animals.
• They have a short, low-maintenance coat, but regular brushing and nail trimming are still necessary.
• Begin early with obedience training and socialization to ensure a well-behaved Brittany Spaniel.


Brittany Spaniel Dog


The adaptability of the Brittany Spaniel dog breed is a remarkable trait that sets them apart.

These versatile canines effortlessly transition from the field to the home, making them an ideal choice for various lifestyles.

Their innate hunting instincts make them exceptional hunting companions, capable of navigating rugged terrains with ease.

Simultaneously, they seamlessly integrate into family life, displaying a gentle and affectionate demeanor with children and other pets.

Whether they’re out on a thrilling adventure or curled up on the couch, Brittany Spaniels adapt to the situation, maintaining their enthusiastic spirit and unwavering loyalty.

Their remarkable adaptability makes them a cherished member of any household.


Adapts Well To Apartment Living

Good For Novice Owners

Sensitivity Level

Tolerates Being Alone

Tolerates Cold Weather

Tolerates Hot Weather:


The Brittany Spaniel, renowned for its friendliness, is a delightful companion. This breed’s warm and affectionate nature makes it an ideal addition to any family.

They eagerly welcome new friends, whether they’re human or furry. Their sociable disposition extends to other pets, making them a harmonious choice for multi-pet households.

Brittany Spaniels thrive on companionship and form strong bonds with their owners, always eager to offer a wagging tail and a loving nudge.

Their innate friendliness makes them excellent playmates for kids and loyal, loving companions for everyone in the family.

All About Friendliness

Affectionate With Family


Dog Friendly

Friendly Toward Strangers


A perfect hunting partner, the Brittany dog breeds are known for their high energy and enthusiasm to get the job done.

They are also perfect family dogs with their obedient nature and their sense of loyalty. They will probably follow you throughout the day or play with you; they are clingy like that.

They are protective and good with children, but their high energy leaves them too excited, and this can lead to them being overbearing on smaller children.

It is recommended that their interactions with smaller children be supervised. These breeds will also need to be socialized because they tend to become wary of people easily.

Their being not so quick at forming friends with strangers makes them excellent watchdogs. They are known to have a high prey drive and would harm smaller animals.

Other dogs are, however, safe, and they would get along well with them. It is possible for them to love cats and live with them.

They are very intelligent and, therefore, easy to train, but harshness and anger would not bring any results. They are gentle dogs that have to be dealt with gently. 


Friendly with Kids

The Brittany Spaniel is a family-friendly breed known for its affectionate nature with kids. Their gentle disposition and playful spirit make them excellent companions for children.

These dogs often have a patient demeanor, making them tolerant of the antics of young ones.

However, it’s essential to supervise interactions between any dog and children and teach kids how to treat pets respectfully.

With proper socialization and care, Brittany Spaniels can form strong bonds with kids, becoming not just pets but trusted friends and playmates.

Amicable to Other Pets

Brittany Spaniels are known for their amicable nature when it comes to other pets.

These dogs generally get along well with cats, other dogs, and even smaller animals like rabbits or birds, making them a great choice for multi-pet households.

Their friendly disposition and gentle demeanor contribute to their ability to form positive relationships with other animals.

However, early socialization and training are essential to ensure a harmonious coexistence.

With the right introductions and guidance, Brittany Spaniel can be a loving and tolerant companion to your other furry or feathered friends.

Barking Tendencies

Brittany Spaniels are typically moderate barkers. They may alert you with a bark when they sense something unusual or exciting, but they aren’t known for excessive or incessant barking.

However, it’s essential to remember that individual dogs’ barking tendencies can vary. Proper training and socialization from a young age can help manage their barking habits.

Ensuring they get enough mental and physical exercise can also reduce unnecessary barking.

Overall, Brittany Spaniels are not known for being noisy, making them a good choice for those who prefer quieter dog breeds.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

❤️ Considering leaving your Brittany Spaniel alone Here’s what you need to know! These energetic pups are social butterflies and thrive on human interaction.

However, they can manage short periods alone with proper preparation. Make sure to provide toys and mental stimulation to keep them happy.

Regular exercise is essential to burn off their boundless energy. If left alone for too long, they may get bored and become destructive.

So, while they can handle some alone time, frequent companionship is key to a happy Brittany Spaniel!

Pros and Cons of the Brittany Spaniel Dog Breed 


  • Energetic and agile hunting companion.
  • Friendly and affectionate nature.
  • Easy to train and intelligent.
  • Compact size for indoors.
  • Low grooming requirements.


  • High exercise needs.
  • Can be too active indoors.
  • Prone to separation anxiety.
  • Requires mental stimulation.
  • May chase small animals.

Male vs. Female Attitude

There is no obvious difference when it comes to looks between a male and female Brittany.

But if you are to look closer, you will find that the female Brittany dogs are slightly smaller than the male.

Unlike how it is usually observed in dogs, it is the males of the Brittany dog breeds that are more emotionally stable than the females.

The males are also affectionate and loving; they are, in general, softer and mellow. This changes completely when they are out hunting.

The female Brittany is known to be rather moody and has an innate ability to ignore you whenever they want. Females have mood swings.


Brittany Spaniel Dog

General Appearance

The Brittany Spaniel, often known simply as the Brittany, is a charming and lively breed!

These dogs have a medium-sized build, with expressive eyes that reveal their intelligence and enthusiasm.

Their coat is typically orange and white, and they sport a happy, wagging tail.

Brittanys have a unique “birdy” appearance due to their keen hunting instincts, which make them superb bird dogs.

They’re well-balanced, agile, and known for their adorable, floppy ears. This breed embodies a mix of elegance and athleticism that’s hard to resist!

Coat color

Some of the colors and color combinations often seen in Brittany dog breeds are- Liver and white; orange and white; piebald; tri-color; roan and black and white.

Brittanys are easy-to-maintain low-budget dog breeds that can be maintained with little grooming.

They have beautiful short coats that shed only lightly and can be cared for by brushing them through with a soft, bristled, slicker brush.

Other than that, there is not much you will need to do except check their ears, trim their nails, and brush their teeth as part of grooming.


The Brittany dog breeds are not hypoallergenic. They shed only a little. Since they have short hair, the loose hair might float about the house.

To avoid this, you will simply have to brush through their manes regularly and collect loose or dead hair on their body.


The Brittany spaniel is a medium-sized dog breed that is well known for its agility and swiftness. They can be as tall as 1 foot and 7 inches and can weigh up to 40 pounds.

They have a square proportion and are mostly legs. They have muscular sloppy shoulders, which gives them a certain sense of gratefulness.

Their medium-long necks and straight backs are some of the other distinctive features. Their shoulders and body are not of the same height but slope down.

HEIGHT1’5” – 1’7”


The Brittany dog breed is a healthy dog but can be exposed to some of the conditions that are common among most dog breeds.

Some of these conditions that you should be aware of are – Hip dysplasia; hypothyroidism; epilepsy; elbow dysplasia; diabetes; and cancer.

Grooming and Health Requirements

Amount Of Shedding

Drooling Potential

Easy To Groom

General Health

Potential For Weight Gain


Maintenance and Care

Brittanys have a short, beautiful coat that has a minimal shedding rate. Take proper care of your Brittany dog breeds coat by brushing through them weekly using a soft slicker brush.

This will help collect the loose hair instead of having it floating all over the house. Your Brittany would need to be bathed if they get dirty; otherwise, two or three baths a year would do.

Check for dirt in their ears, or better yet, clean them every week. Nails are to be trimmed.

The Brittany breeds are known to develop dental issues, and it is therefore suggested that their teeth be brushed regularly. Your Brittany won’t do well without proper exercise.

These breeds are very energetic and would need proper exercise that should last at least an hour a day. If not, they are known to display destructive behaviors.

Because of their agility and excellent tracking skills, the Brittany dog breeds are quite the sports dogs.

They can excel in flyball, field trials, etc. If Brittany puppies grow too quickly, they might develop a condition called osteochondritis dissecans that will affect their joints.


Grooming your Brittany Spaniel is a breeze! Their short coat doesn’t require excessive maintenance, but a little care goes a long way.

Regular brushing keeps their fur shiny and minimizes shedding. Don’t forget to trim their nails, as active Brittanys wear them down less naturally.

Bathing should be done as needed, usually every few months. Make sure to check their ears for dirt and clean them gently. Brush their teeth regularly to maintain oral health.

With these simple steps, your Brittany Spaniel will always look and feel fantastic! ✨

Food and nutrition 

Brittany would require a monitored diet. As they risk exposure to joint conditions if they grow quickly, they should be provided supplements that will ensure proper growth.

Ideally, these breeds require 1000 to 1200 calories per day to keep up their energetic shelves.

At least 26 % of protein and 5% of fat, and no more should be included in their daily diet.

Supplements like multivitamins and probiotics would also be good for your Brittany.

Food cost

For your Brittany Spaniel Dog, 2 to 2.5 cups of dog food in a day would be enough. Just divide this into two meals. The average daily cost would be around $1.1-$1.5, and the monthly cost rounds up to $33-$50.

Exercise and activity level

The Brittany dog breed has a high energy level. And they need a lot of exercise daily to spend their energy.

Don’t just take them on walks, have them run about and play. Spend at least an hour or so.

Brittany cannot thrive in an apartment; they will need an open and large yard to stretch their legs and run about.

They will do well in sports because of their natural agility. They are good at sports events like dock diving, field trials, etc.

the Brittany dog breeds are easy to train and are obedient and willing to follow.

This, however, cannot be achieved through harsh treatment; see that you and everybody treat your Brittany with gentleness.

Always keep in mind how sensitive they are so that you will not push your Brittany into becoming a timid and sad dog.

Tire your Brittany out by the end of the day to ensure they do not have the energy left to pursue nervous behaviors.

Physical Requirements

Energy Level


Exercise Needs

Potential for Playfulness


The Brittany Spaniel is a highly trainable breed! Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them quick learners.

They excel in obedience training and thrive on positive reinforcement. However, their boundless energy requires consistent exercise and mental stimulation.

Keeping training sessions short and fun will keep them engaged. Early socialization is crucial to ensure they get along well with other dogs and people.

With patience and consistency, your Brittany Spaniel will become a well-behaved and happy companion!


Easy To Train


Potential For Mouthiness

Prey Drive

Tendency To Bark Or Howl

Wanderlust Potential


Breeders believe that Brittany dog breeds have been around since 150 AD, though there is only physical evidence of their presence from the 1500s.

They are a very popular dog breed back then as hunters and now as family dogs.

Explore More Dog Breeds…

FAQ On Brittany Spnaiels Dog Breed…

Does the Brittany dog belong to the Spaniel family?

  No, despite being called Brittany Spnaiels, Brittany is not part of the Spaniel family.

Is the male Brittany better than the female Brittany?

 If you love a clingy and affectionate dog, a male Brittany would be the wiser choice. The female Brittany is affectionate, but they don’t show it much.

Are the Brittany dogs unpredictable?

Yes, they can be unpredictable, especially female dogs.

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