Border Collie Dog Breed: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

In the rugged border region between Scotland and England, the Border Collie dogs were crossbred and originated to help during herding and to keep an eye on the grazing sheep.

They are renowned for their “stare” or fierce glare, which these dogs employ to command the sheep to move in a particular direction.

Border Collies are widely employed to guard sheep on ranches and farmlands all around the globe because they are canines with an endless supply of agility, endurance, and work ethic.

Border Collies are exceptionally smart and easy to train, as well as they also perform pretty well in a variety of dog activities.

Border Collie Dog Breed

About The Breed

The Border Collie is extremely perceptive, frequently responding to the most modest commands, and appears to be able to foresee his owner’s aspirations.

The Border Collie needs to know where to channel his energy constructively since he is a workaholic who enjoys mental and physical challenges. Otherwise, he will create his own games, which will make him difficult to live with.

The Border Collie’s herding tendency can be triggered by the boisterous play of small children, which can provoke him to nip, push, and bark.

The Border Collie has to be well-socialized to avoid timidity.

Border Collie Dog Breed History

Since people in present-day Britain first started employing canines to watch and herd sheep, the Border Collie has existed.

The herding dog rose to prominence as among the most precious possessions a shepherd might possess in the area straddling Scotland and England, and the greatest performing dogs were crossed with one another.

Based on the geography or the sort of work needed in each area, the type changed. The names Welsh Sheepdogs and Scotch Collies were finally given to these herding dogs as a result of their associations with certain geographical areas.

The word collie, which describes sheepdogs, originated from the Scottish language; therefore, the Border Collie’s name symbolizes his half-Scottish ancestry.

Border Collie Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed Name Border Collie 
Dog Breed TypeHerding Dogs
OriginScotland and England
Parent BreedsRoman breed and a Viking breed.
Height18 to 22 inches tall
Weight 30 to 45 pounds
Life Expectancy12 to 15 years.
Coat TypeMedium length, double coat, rough or smooth.
Common Colorsblack overcoat with a white blaze, solid, merle, multi-color
Grooming NeedsModerate Grooming Needs
Temperamenthardworking, energetic, lively, and easy to train.
Apartment Livingnot ideal for Apartment living.
Pet FriendlyYes
Exercise RequirementsHigh
Tendency to Droollow tendency 
Intelligence LevelQuite Intelligent
Energy LevelHigh
What To Know
• Border Collies are known for their intelligence, ranking high among dog breeds. They thrive on mental stimulation, so be prepared to engage them with puzzles and training activities.

• These dogs are bundles of energy and need regular exercise. Daily walks and playtime are essential to keep them happy. Without enough physical activity, they may become restless or exhibit unwanted behaviors.

• Border Collies love learning new tricks. Consistent and positive training methods work best, and they respond well to commands. Training sessions are not just a necessity but also a bonding opportunity.

• Originating as herding dogs, Border Collies may exhibit herding behaviors. Redirect this instinct positively through activities like fetch or agility to keep them content.

• Socialization is key. Introduce them to various people, environments, and other pets early on to prevent shyness or aggression. A well-socialized Border Collie tends to be a happy and adaptable one.



Border Collies excel in adapting to different environments and lifestyles. Their intelligent and trainable nature allows them to easily fit into urban or rural settings. Whether it’s a family home or an agility course, these dogs quickly adjust, showcasing their versatility.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


Border Collies are not just smart but also friendly and affectionate dogs. They love being around their family and forming strong bonds with both adults and kids. Their friendly nature extends to other pets, making them great companions for everyone at home.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


Simply said, the Border Collie is a powerhouse. His temperament is often lively, vivacious, diligent, and intelligent. He picks things up quickly, sometimes making it challenging to keep him interested.

This breed enjoys keeping occupied. He needs to be occupied, or else he gets bored and starts acting annoyingly, like barking, burrowing, or chasing vehicles. He has to be active; he doesn’t do well lying about on the front veranda enjoying tea. He was raised to move and spend the whole day herding sheep, so keep that in mind.


Border Collies have a friendly and smart temperament. They are quick learners and love to please their owners. Known for their energy, they enjoy playtime and exercise.

While they have herding instincts, they also get along well with families and other pets. Regular activity and mental stimulation keep them happy.

Friendly with kids

Border Collies are known for their friendly nature, making them great companions for kids. They enjoy playtime and often form strong bonds with children. While their herding instincts might show, early training helps ensure a safe and enjoyable interaction between Border Collies and little ones.

Amicable to other pets

Border Collies generally get along well with other pets, especially when introduced early. Their friendly attitude extends to furry friends, and with proper socialization, they can happily coexist with other animals in the household.

Barking tendencies

Border Collies are not excessive barkers, but they may vocalize to communicate. Training can help manage their barking, teaching them when to be quiet. This ensures a peaceful living environment, particularly in shared spaces or neighborhoods.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

While Border Collies enjoy socializing, they can adapt to staying alone if introduced gradually. Short periods alone with engaging toys can help them adjust. Providing a comfortable space and considering a dog sitter for longer durations contribute to a content and happy Border Collie.

Pros and Cons of the Border Collie Dog Breed


  • Border Collies are exceptionally smart, making them easy to train.
  • Their energy levels make them great for active families or individuals.
  • Known for herding, they excel in various activities like agility and obedience.


  • Their energy demands require consistent, active engagement.
  • May display herding behaviors towards children or other pets.
  • Smart dogs may get bored, leading to potential behavioral issues if not mentally stimulated.

Male vs Female Attitude

Male Border Collies often have a bit more playful and independent attitude, while females tend to be affectionate and focused. Both are smart and trainable, and each dog is unique. Understanding and appreciating their personalities is key to a happy companionship.

Border Collie Dog Breed


Border Collies have a medium-sized, athletic appearance. They have expressive eyes and a distinctive double-layered coat in various colors like black and white or tricolor. Their agile stance and well-balanced structure showcase their readiness for activities like herding and agility trials.

Coat Color And Grooming

The Border Collie breed comes in both coarse and silky fur variations. Both animals have two coats a softer undercoat and a rougher external layer. The medium-length coarse version is layered on the abdomen, breast, and limbs.

The silky variant has a generally rougher surface than the rough variant, is thin all around, and has less feathering.

Most frequently, he wears a black overcoat with a white blaze. He might, however, either be a solid color, merle, multi-color, or tricolor other than white.

The devoted Border Collie isn’t pretentious, and maintaining his excellent looks doesn’t need a lot of maintenance. A weekly combing is required to maintain the coat’s equal distribution of oils and to avoid the tough variation of matting on its weather-resistant thick coat.


Border Collies shed moderately due to their double coat. Regular brushing, ideally a few times a week, helps manage loose hair and keeps their coat healthy. Shedding may increase during seasonal changes, like spring and fall.

While they don’t demand intense grooming, consistent care minimizes shedding. A balanced diet contributes to coat health, reducing excess shedding.


Males weigh 35 to 45 lbs and measure 19 to 22 inches tall. Females weigh 30 to 40 lbs and are 18 to 21 inches tall.


Although Border Collies are often fit, they are susceptible to some health issues like other breeds. It’s essential to be conscious of these ailments if you’re thinking about getting a Border Collie, even if not all of them will affect them.

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
  • Epilepsy
  • Collie Eye Anomaly
  • Allergies
  • Osteochondrosis Dissecans

Health and Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance and Care

Although the Border Collie is a very flexible dog, he does best in a setting where he has some area to roam, such as a rural farm or ranch or a city house with a securely enclosed yard.

He must be shielded from his not-so-smart urge to chase automobiles due to his tendency to herd and run.

He needs a lot of daily mental and physical activity, irrespective of the setting, and he necessitates a master who can give it to him.

Food and Nutrition

1.5 to 2 cups of premium dry food should be consumed every day, split between two servings.

Exercise and Activity Level

Their energy levels are high, so make sure to include games like fetch or frisbee in their routine. Without enough activity, they might get bored and find their entertainment, which can lead to behavioral issues.

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


They’re really smart and love learning new things. Use positive methods and be consistent, and they’ll catch on fast. Early training and playtime keep them happy and well-behaved. These dogs are quick learners and enjoy being part of the action.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability

Children And Other Pets

As long as he is nurtured correctly and trained while he is small, the Border Collie makes a terrific family pet. He interacts with kids as well as other animals, but if his herding tendencies aren’t appropriately channeled, he might nip, pursue, and bark at children and other living creatures. Regardless of how nice they are, dogs and children should never be left alone.

Rescue Groups

Border Collies are frequently bought without the buyer having a good grasp of what it takes to own one. There are a lot of Border Collies who need to be adopted or fostered.

Contact the national breed group or a local breed club if you can’t find a Border Collie rescue in your region; they can help you find one.

Explore More Dog Breeds…

FAQs On The Border Collie Dog Breed

Are Border Collies suitable as family pets?

Definitely! Border Collies are terrific family companions since they are enthusiastic, placid, and ready to please. If introduced appropriately, they get along nicely with kids and other animals.

Do Border Collies frequently bark?

The Border Collie breed barks a lot. They frequently bark excessively because they are quickly excited visually. Anything that moves swiftly, such as bicycles, skates, and so forth, will cause them to bark.

Is taking care of a Border Collie a lot of work?

In general, Border Collies don’t require much upkeep in terms of grooming requirements. It is advised that your dog be groomed once a week to help maintain its coat healthy and also to minimize shedding.

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