Bolognese  Dog Breed: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

The Bolognese dog breed is a great companion animal that adores spending time with its family. Be careful, though, since they also like achieving their objectives and are pretty cunning at it. You may discover yourself being fooled by a ten-pound furball.

Excellent companion dogs, Bolognese are caring and compassionate. They have a lot of personality for such a small individual, and they adapt well to apartment living. These puppies don’t particularly enjoy spending extended periods alone. They’ll rather follow you everywhere you go instead.

Bolognese  Dog Breed

About The Breed

This funny, inquisitive, and loving dog likes spending quality time with his family, whether it be for outings, going shopping, or frolicking with the children.

He is also referred to as the Bichon Bolognese and is a descendant of the Bichon breed of white, puffy canines. He gets his title from the Italian city of Bologna. Be gentle and persistent when housetraining him since he excels at using manipulation to get his way.

Bolognese Dog Breed History

The Bichon Frise, Bolognese, Maltese, Lowchen, Havanese, and Coton de Tulear are all members of the Bichon family.

The dog was created in Bologna, Italy, and is thought to be derived from the bichon breeds of southern Italy as well as Malta. It has been in existence since the eleventh and twelfth centuries.

Bolognese dogs have been depicted on tapestries made by Flemish artisans as early as the seventeenth century. Using his Bolognese, the Venetian painter Titian depicted King Federico Gonzaga.

Liz Stannard introduced the species to England in 1990, and that same year it made its breed registration debut.

Bolognese Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed Name Bolognese 
Dog Breed TypeCompanion Dogs
Parent BreedsWater Spaniel family.
Height9 to 12 inches tall
Weight 8 to 14 pounds
Life Expectancy12 to 14 years
Coat Typepuffy, all-white fur that is as smooth as cashmere to the touch.
Common ColorsWhite
Grooming NeedsHigh Grooming Needs
Temperamentfriendly, leader, and funny.
Apartment Livingideal for Apartment living.
Pet FriendlyYes
Exercise RequirementsAverage
Tendency to Droollow tendency 
Intelligence LevelQuite Intelligent
Energy LevelAverage 
What To Know
• The dogs are small, affectionate companions, perfect for families or singles seeking a loving pet.

• With a non-shedding coat, Bolognese dogs are hypoallergenic, making them suitable for those with sensitivities.

• These pups love human interaction and thrive in a family setting. Regular playtime and walks keep them happy.

• Despite their size, Bolognese dogs are smart and respond well to positive training. Early socialization is key for well-behaved furry friends.

• Keep your Bolognese healthy with regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and attention to dental care for a happy, long life.



The dogs are wonderfully adaptable. Whether in a lively family or a calm home, these little pals adjust well. They fit happily with singles, couples, or families, spreading joy wherever they go. Their loving nature makes them versatile companions, effortlessly fitting into various lifestyles.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


These little fluffy pals love hanging out with their owners and making new friends. Whether it’s with family, other pets, or even strangers, Bolognese dogs are always ready to show their friendly side. Their sweet and gentle nature makes them fantastic companions, bringing joy and warmth to any home.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


Little dog illness may be more common in small dog breeds like the Bolognese. This is a trait that the dog learns from people and can cause abandonment issues and shyness since the dog believes he is the “leader of the pack” to people. Anyone who wants to own a Bolognese may learn everything they need to learn to avoid or stop this habit.


Bolognese dogs have a sweet and gentle temperament. They are affectionate, loyal, and great for families. These small pups love to play and are friendly, making them wonderful companions for any home.

Friendly with kids

Bolognese dogs are wonderful with kids, and known for their gentle and friendly nature. Their patient demeanor makes them ideal playmates, creating a positive and loving bond within the family.

Amicable to other pets

These dogs easily befriend other pets, bringing harmony to multi-pet households. Whether it’s a fellow dog, a cat, or a smaller critter, the Bolognese’s friendly attitude makes them a great addition to any animal-loving home.

Barking tendencies

While they’re not excessive barkers, Bolognese dogs are alert and will notify you of any unusual activity. With early training, their barking tendencies can be managed, ensuring they strike the right balance between being watchful and maintaining a peaceful environment.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

While they adore human company, Bolognese dogs can adapt to short periods alone. Gradual training and creating a comfortable environment with toys can help them feel secure when left on their own, minimizing any potential stress.

Pros and Cons of the Bolognese Dog Breed


  • Bolognese are known for their friendly and affectionate demeanor.
  • They make excellent family pets, especially with children.
  • Bolognese easily adapts to different living environments.


  • They may experience anxiety when left alone for long periods.
  • Bolognese require daily exercise to maintain their health.
  • Depending on their coat, grooming needs may vary.

Male vs Female Attitude

Male Bolognese dogs can be a bit more assertive and protective, making them watchful guardians. Females may show nurturing behavior, especially with children. However, every dog is unique, and training matters more than gender.

Both male and female Bolognese dogs can be loving and loyal family members, bringing their special charm to your home.

Bolognese  Dog Breed


The Bolognese dog is a small, charming breed with a fluffy white coat. They have dark, expressive eyes, a cute black nose, and a compact build. Their appearance is elegant and adorable, making them a visually appealing and lovable pet.

Coat Color And Grooming

The Bolognese has a puffy, all-white fur that is as smooth as cashmere to the touch. He is also “non-shedding,” so people with minor to no allergies shouldn’t be significantly impacted.

Other than the area surrounding their eyes, Bolognese fur is unshaped and untrimmed for hygienic reasons. If the Bolognese is left in its natural coat, frequent grooming is necessary.

Many individuals are content to leave their Bolo with a lighter coat of almost 1 inch for simpler care, leaving the unkempt “broom head” all around the face. In addition to routine maintenance, giving your Bolognese the periodic shower will keep him tidy and appearing his finest.

To prevent outgrowth, breaking, and splitting, toenails should be periodically cut using a nail clipper or sander.

Frequent ear examinations are necessary to prevent wax and debris accumulation, which can cause an infection. Regular brushing of the teeth is advised.


They shed very little, which is good news for people with allergies or those who prefer less cleaning. Brushing their long, wavy coat helps keep it nice and tidy.

Regular grooming keeps them looking cute without much fuss, making Bolognese dogs a low-maintenance and charming choice for pet lovers who want less shedding in their homes.


Tiny, square-bodied Bolognese dogs range in size from 5.5 to 9 pounds and stand 10 to 12 inches long.

The dogs are often mistaken for Maltese due to their resemblance in petite height, streaming white hair, and kind temperament.

Bolos, however, are a little bit bigger than their Maltese counterparts, and their irregular coats can provide them with an odd little appearance.


A good breeder would check mating stock for medical problems like luxating patellas (comparable to “trick knee” in people) and eye abnormalities because the bulk of Bolognese is healthy canines.

DNA screening and diagnostic testing are used by good breeders to lessen the probability of sickness in their offspring.

Health and Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance and Care

If they were given a routine of modest activity, Bolo would make a wonderful apartment dog. They are good companions for retired people and older people since they are a peaceful, laid-back breed.

Playing time in the backyard, preferably gated, and walks are two options for getting fitness. For the calm yet lively Bolognese, indoor games like hide-and-seek, tossing a ball across the room, or training them in new behaviors are good low-key diversions.

Food and Nutrition

The Bolognese must thrive on a premium dog diet, whether it is made economically or at home, under the direction and consent of your vet. Any food must be suitable for the age of the dog.

Monitor your dog’s calorie intake and weight level because certain dogs are susceptible to obesity. Treats may be a valuable training tool, but offering them in excess might lead to obesity.

Discover which foods fit the bill for canine consumption and which don’t. If you have any worries regarding your dog’s weight or nutrition, see your veterinarian. Fresh, safe water should always be accessible.

Exercise and Activity Level

Bolognese dogs have a moderate activity level, needing daily short walks and playtime. They enjoy interactive games and brief training sessions, staying happy with both physical and mental stimulation.

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


They quickly catch on to commands, responding well to positive reinforcement like treats and praise. Starting training early and being consistent help shape them into well-behaved companions.

Their small size doesn’t limit their ability to learn, making Bolognese dogs a delightful and trainable addition to any family.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability

Children And Other Pets

They are appropriate for quieter houses, households with school-aged children, aged people, or solitary people because they are restrained and easily misunderstood for toys by smaller kids.

Even though it’s common knowledge that dogs get along well with kids, all dogs and kids need to learn how to get along and stay safe while they’re together.

Still, carers should always oversee any encounters between small kids and animals and don’t ever leave them unattended alone.

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FAQs On The Bolognese Dog Breed

Do Bolognese dogs make suitable pets for beginners?

As long as you have the patience and effort to keep this brilliant, cunning little dog engaged, they are appropriate for first-time owners. The Bolognese is a little dog that can play in a reasonable-sized garden and needs no more than 1 hour of daily canine training.

What does a Bolognese dog’s fur look like?

The Bolognese has a puffy, all-white coat that is as delicate as cashmere to the touch. He is also “non-shedding,” so people with minor to no allergies shouldn’t be significantly impacted. Apart from the area surrounding their eyes, Bolognese fur is unshaped and untrimmed for hygienic considerations.

Are Bolognese dogs anxious when left alone?

Bolos should not be left alone for extended durations of time since they are susceptible to separation anxiety. Consequently, they could experience tension and anxiety. Bolognese dogs typically will get along with kids as long as people are around to watch.

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