Berger Picard Dog: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

The Berger Picard dog breed is said to be one of the ancient French Sheepdogs. These dogs have their fair share of fans because of their shabby appearance and loving nature.

They even get roles in movies, all thanks to their intelligence levels. Keep reading to get to know more about this fascinating breed. 

Berger Picard Dog

About The Breed

A dog breed with a complicated name might make you wonder if it’s challenging to handle as well. Berger Picard, pronounced as bare-zhay pee-carr is a native of France and has close links with the French Sheepdogs.

These dogs are known to have arrived in France during 800 A.D. They have been shown for centuries in woodcuts, tapestries, and engravings, but now they’ve become aspiring movie stars.

Movies such as “Daniel and the Superdogs,” “Because of Winn Dixie,” and “Are We Done Yet?” have cast this breed. 

The Berger Picard has thick eyebrows and prick ears with a smart and lively personality. They are loved by everyone because of their goofy grins and humanlike gaze.

It’s easy peasy to train them thanks to their smartness though they can get stubborn sometimes. They notice even a slight change in tone of voice, so be cheerful with them always. 

Raising these dogs in a house full of pets or children can reduce their need for socialization. However, socialization is always necessary to get good manners in your pet.

They have become a rare breed now because of the huge decline in their population after World Wars I and II. 

Berger Picard Dog Breed History

The real origin of the Berger Picard is still unknown, but they are known to have ancestors in France.

Central European Celts brought dogs to France, and the Berger Picard is said to be their descendants.

They also have close links with other French herding dogs like Beauceron and Briard. 

The agricultural Picardy region of France is said to be this breed’s home, where they were chosen for herding because of their determination and stamina.

They got their first dog show in France in 1863, sharing the same class with Beauceron and Briard. It was after 1925 that this breed was considered a separate breed in France.

The Berger Picard population saw a huge decline due to World Wars I and II, and it was on the verge of becoming extinct.

Thanks to breeders, you can still see this breed though it’s rare. This breed got to fame after its role in the movie “Because of Winn-Dixie.”

Berger Picard Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed NameBerger Picard
Other NamePicardy Shepherd
Dog Breed TypeHerding dogs
OriginPicardy, France
Parent BreedsNone, close links with french sheepdogs
Height1 foot 9 inches-2 feet 1 inch
Weight50-70 pounds
Life Expectancy13-14 years
Coat TypeDouble coat
Common ColorsBlack, Fawn, Light gray, Brindle
Grooming NeedsLow maintenance
TemperamentAlert, Stubborn, Intelligent, Energetic
Apartment LivingSuitable for apartment living
Health ConcernsProgressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Overall HealthHealthy 
Intelligence LevelHigh 
Energy LevelMedium to high
Litter Size2-10 puppies
What To Know
• Berger Picards are a French herding breed known for their rustic appearance and strong work ethic.
• They have a dense double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting.
• These dogs are intelligent and excel in various dog sports and obedience training.
• Berger Picards are a healthy breed, but they may be prone to hip dysplasia and certain eye conditions.
• Socialization and early training are essential to ensure a well-adjusted and well-behaved Berger Picard.


Berger Picard Dog


Berger Picard dogs are known for their remarkable adaptability. Their heritage as herding dogs makes them versatile and quick learners.

They readily adjust to different living environments, whether it’s a bustling city or a quiet countryside.

Their intelligence and agility allow them to take on various tasks and activities, from obedience training to agility courses.

However, socialization from an early age is vital to ensure their adaptability and friendly disposition in different social situations.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


Berger Picards are renowned for their friendly and affectionate nature. These dogs form strong bonds with their families and thrive on companionship.

Their amiable disposition extends to both humans and other pets, making them great family dogs. They are eager to please, making training a joy.

These sociable canines bring warmth and joy to any home, making them excellent companions for those seeking a loving and friendly pet.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


One word that best describes the personality of a Berger Picard is energetic. They want you to be with them while they burn their energy off.

Give them any kind of activity, and they’ll be more than happy to do it. Be it a game of fetch or simply jogging with you, they just want something with an end goal.

However, there are other sides to their personality you don’t know about. 

Generally, this breed is considered very loving, intelligent, and independent. They have active personalities and like to spend their time outdoors.

Their smartness makes them bond with their humans pretty quickly. It’s because of their smartness that it becomes an easy job to train them.

However, they will get stubborn if they notice any slight change in your tone of voice. They like cheerful methods of training and respond well to them only.

Well, don’t get serious because this breed has a better sense of humor than most humans. 


Friendly with Children

Berger Picard dogs are incredibly friendly with children. Their gentle and patient nature makes them excellent family pets.

They form strong bonds with kids and are protective without being overly aggressive. Picards are known for their playful demeanor, making them great companions for children’s activities.

However, it’s crucial to supervise interactions and teach children to respect the dog’s boundaries to ensure a harmonious relationship between the breed and the kids.

Amicable to Other Pets

Berger Picard dogs are amicable to other pets due to their friendly and social nature. Their herding background often makes them gentle and watchful around smaller animals.

Early socialization can help them coexist harmoniously with other pets, making them excellent companions for cats, other dogs, and even smaller creatures.

Supervision is key during initial introductions to ensure a smooth transition and a peaceful cohabitation.

Barking Tendencies

Berger Picard dogs, known for their gentle nature, do have barking tendencies. They may bark to alert their owners to potential threats or unfamiliar situations.

Proper training and socialization can help minimize excessive barking. Their protective instincts make them excellent watchdogs, but early training is crucial to control their barking habits.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

Staying alone with a Berger Picard can be a rewarding experience. These independent, self-assured dogs are often comfortable spending time alone if properly trained.

Their intelligence and adaptability make them less prone to separation anxiety. Providing toys, a comfortable space, and gradual exposure to solitude helps them thrive.

Remember, regular exercise and mental stimulation are essential to keep your Berger Picard content when left alone.

Pros And Cons Of The American Bulldog Dog Breed


  • Loyalty and protective nature.
  • Strong and sturdy appearance.
  • Great family and guard dog.
  • Low grooming requirements.
  • Active and playful personality.


  • Potential for aggression if not trained.
  • High exercise needs.
  • Prone to certain health issues.
  • Not suitable for small spaces.
  • Requires early socialization and training.

Male Vs. Female Attitude

The attitude of a Berger Picard doesn’t depend on his gender, it depends on his surroundings, age, and other factors. Generally, they are lovely dogs with charismatic personalities. 


Berger Picard Dog

General Appearance

The Berger Picard is a distinct-looking breed with a rustic appearance. They have a wiry, weather-resistant double coat that is typically fawn, brindle, or gray.

Their pointed ears stand erect, and they have a strong, athletic build. Picards are known for their soulful expression and keen, alert eyes.

Their tails are carried with a slight J-shaped hook at the tip. This unique appearance reflects their hardworking nature and herding origins.

Coat Color

The wiry coat of a Berger Picard can be seen in a variety of colors like fawn, gray, black, or brindle without or with white markings.

They have a weatherproof coat that’s crisp and hard in texture. They are low-maintenance dogs, so they don’t have that many grooming requirements.

Monthly brushing and combing of their coat will be more than enough to maintain your pet.

If they get their coats dirty, for sure, just wipe them down with dog wipes, and they’re good to go.

Their coat is naturally clean, so bathing should be done only when you can notice the dirt.

A weekly checkup of the Berger Picard’s ear from your side should be done to prevent any wax buildup. Maintain their dental hygiene by making teeth brushing a daily habit. 


The Berger Picard gets its shedding season during the fall or spring. You can expect heavy shedding at that time.

There’s going to be a lot of loose fur during shedding season, so make sure you are brushing your pet two to three times a week. 


The Berger Picard is a medium-sized breed with high energy levels. Their size doesn’t meddle with their apartment lifestyle, but their active personality can.

They like to be in open yards, even if it’s small. 


Generally, the Berger Picard is a healthy breed that can live around 13-14 years. However, you need to be aware of some health issues they might be prone to. 

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  •  Canine multifocal retinopathy
  •  Elbow dysplasia
  • Hip dysplasia

Health And Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance And Care

The Berger Picard is a low-maintenance breed, so there is no need to worry about spa appointments.

They have waterproof coats though their facial hair might need to be taken care of. Take them to a groomer for their best appearance.

When thinking about getting a Berger Picard as a pet, you should consider your health first. You don’t have to be a fitness freak, but a minimum amount of exercise should be a part of your daily routine.

These dogs are very simple-minded; a simple fenced yard, whether big or small, is enough to keep them happy.

They just want to be outdoors, and if they get the chance to be outdoors with you, they will be on cloud nine.


Grooming a Berger Picard is relatively low-maintenance due to its natural, rugged coat.

Regular brushing, especially during shedding seasons, helps keep their double coat healthy and free from tangles.

Bathing should be occasional, as they have a self-cleaning coat. Trim their nails, clean their ears, and brush their teeth regularly for overall hygiene.

Check for signs of matting and address them promptly to maintain your Berger Picard’s charming appearance.

Food And Nutrition

Highly energetic dogs like the Berger Picard should have fresh water available to them at all times.

You never know how much running around they are doing outside to burn off their energy. Good quality dog food that fulfills your dog’s nutritional needs should be given to them.

It can be a little tricky to find the best dog food keeping in mind the pool of competitors out there.

It’s always a great idea to take your vet’s advice regarding your dog’s diet keeping in mind your dog’s best interests. 

Exercise And Activity Level 

You can expect the Berger Picard to need lots of exercise because of their high energy levels. They want an owner who can keep himself as well as their pet fit. They will be satisfied with long walks and some activities in a day. 

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


Berger Picard dogs are highly trainable thanks to their intelligence and eagerness to please their owners.

Their strong work ethic and herding instincts make them quick learners in various activities.

Positive reinforcement techniques, consistency, and patience work well in their training.

These dogs thrive with tasks and challenges, making them excellent candidates for obedience training, agility, and even dog sports like herding trials, showcasing their impressive trainability.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability

Children and other pets

Like all dog breeds, if a Berger Picard grows up in a house with children and pets, they are most likely to bond with them.

However, this doesn’t imply that they will bond with children or pets outside the house too.

They are gentle dogs, but when negative behaviors aren’t controlled on time, it can lead to aggression.

That’s why socialization is necessary with every dog breed. Supervise play sessions of kids and other pets with your dogs, and there will be no harm. 


Unlike other dog breeds, the Berger Picard doesn’t give off a doggy smell. 

The Berger Picard is a captivating and versatile breed. Their rustic appearance, intelligence, and strong work ethic make them wonderful companions.

Regular grooming and early training are essential for their well-being. This healthy breed can excel in various dog activities, making them a fantastic addition to any family.

Explore More Dog Breeds…

FAQs On American Bulldog Dog Breed…

Where do the Berger Picard breeds come from?

The Berger Picard breed hails from the Picardy region in northern France. These dogs have been herding livestock and serving as farm dogs in this area for centuries.

What is the best diet routine for a Berger Picard?

Energetic dogs like the Berger Picard should be given high-quality dog food.

How much exercise is required for a Berger Picard?

Daily exercise for at least an hour.

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