American Rat Pinscher Dog: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

The American Rat Pinscher is a mixed breed that brings out the best in both its parents. You could say this hybrid has hit a win in the genetics department! These loyal and energetic dogs are a mix between the American Pit Bull Terrier from England and the Cane Corso from Italy.

They are lovable pups who bring the stern and slight aggression of the Terrier and the all-rounder energy and drive of the Italian Corso.

If you are looking for a driven dog that is also loyal and protective, as well as just the gentlemanly bundle of joy, the American Rat Pinscher is a perfect fit! Keep scrolling to learn all the important information you need before you adopt these stunner pups. 

About The Breed

The American Rat Pinscher is an energetic and stubborn dog who can be a great friend and companion to owners who do not mind a little attitude when it comes to their furry friend. Novice dog owners who are beginners may find this dog to be easy to train.

Their alert and active temperament make them great companions for them. They could be a little stubborn. However, bad behavior can be regulated by regularly engaging the pups in training and professional classes that keep them obedient and stimulated.

They are small pups that can be vocal and bark to show frustration. Thus, training keeps this in check as well. 

American Rat Pinscher Dog

American Rat Pinscher Dog Breed History

The American Rat Pinscher is a cross between the Rat Terrier that is of American heritage. The Rat Terrier is an existing cross between the Fox Terrier, Bull Terrier, and Manchester Terrier. These dogs have a high prey drive and were chasers as heritage dictates.

They are usually very small-sized and are miniature pups. These dogs have a hairless strain. Their other parent is the Miniature Pinscher. This breed is very old and comes from a rich lineage.

They were very famous in Germany and are the mini-pup versions of the Doberman Pinscher. These dogs came to the United States initially in 1919. 

American Rat Pinscher Dog Breed Profile

Breed Name American Rat Pinscher
Other NameRat-A-Pins 
Dog Breed TypeMixed Breed
OriginEngland and Germany
Parent BreedsAmerican Rat Terrier and Miniature Pinscher 
Height9-13 inches
Weight 6-10 pounds
Life Expectancy10-12 years 
Coat TypeShort coat with fine fur
Common ColorsBlack with white patterns or marks 
Grooming NeedsRegular brushing and maintenance 
HypoallergenicModerate shedding throughout the year or seasonally 
TemperamentLoyal, alert and shy. Curious and protective 
Apartment LivingCould be ideal for apartments
Health ConcernsGlaucoma, Obesity, Allergies, Hip Dysplasia
Overall HealthGood
Intelligence LevelHighly Intelligent
TrainabilityEasy to train 
Energy LevelHigh energy and stamina
ActivityRigorous exercise 
Litter Size6-12 puppies
What To Know
• American Rat Pinschers are known for their friendly and loyal nature. They make excellent companions for active individuals or families.

• These dogs are energetic, requiring regular exercise to stay happy and healthy. Daily walks and playtime are essential to keep them stimulated.

• Early training is key. They respond well to positive reinforcement, so consistent and gentle training methods work best.

• American Rat Pinschers tend to be social dogs. Introduce them to various environments, people, and other pets early on to ensure they develop good social skills.

• Stay vigilant about their health. Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper dental care contribute to a thriving and content American Rat Pinscher.



The American Rat Pinscher is highly adaptable, making it a great fit for various living arrangements. Whether you’re in an apartment or a house, this breed adjusts easily.

They’re comfortable in different climates, handling both warm and cool temperatures well. Their adaptable nature extends to diverse households, making them suitable for families, singles, or seniors.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


The American Rat Pinscher is cherished for its friendly demeanor, making it a wonderful addition to any home. Known for forming strong bonds and showing affection, these dogs are typically amicable towards both family members and strangers.

Their sociable nature makes them easygoing and enjoyable companions in various social situations, fostering positive interactions with people and other pets.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


American Rat Pinschers are alert and loving dogs. These dogs tend to be independent and standoffish at times, keeping to themselves. However, with the right professional training and work, they can become easy to socialize with and have a loving temperament.

When they are young, taking them to dog parks and having them meet other dogs can help them become extroverted. This breed does not shy away from barking.

If they feel like they are under threat or their owners need to be protected, they show so by barking and making themselves heard. 


These dogs are affectionate and often great with children. They enjoy human interaction, playtime, and various activities. With their adaptability and intelligence, they tend to have an easygoing demeanor.

Positive reinforcement and early socialization play a key role in nurturing their well-balanced and amiable nature.

Friendly with kids

American Rat Pinschers are generally known for their friendly and gentle nature, making them suitable companions for families with children.

Their sociable temperament often leads to positive interactions, but, as with any dog, it’s advisable to supervise playtime to ensure a safe environment for both the dog and the children.

Amicable to other pets

These dogs often display friendliness towards other pets in the household. Early introductions and ongoing socialization efforts contribute to a harmonious living situation.

With proper guidance, American Rat Pinschers can coexist well with other animals, fostering a peaceful and cooperative atmosphere.

Barking tendencies

American Rat Pinschers may exhibit moderate barking tendencies. Training and positive reinforcement play crucial roles in managing and curbing excessive barking.

Creating a consistent routine and providing mental stimulation can contribute to a well-behaved and quieter pet.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

While these dogs thrive on companionship, they can adapt to being alone for reasonable periods with proper training.

Starting with short durations and gradually increasing the time spent alone, combined with engaging toys, helps prevent potential separation anxiety and encourages independence.

Pros and Cons of the American Rat Pinscher Dog Breed


  • Friendly and affectionate, ideal for families.
  • Energetic and adaptable, making them suitable for various living situations.
  • Generally amicable with other pets, fostering a harmonious household.


  • Moderate barking tendencies may require training.
  • Requires consistent exercise and mental stimulation.
  • Prone to separation anxiety, needing gradual acclimatization to being alone.

Male vs Female Attitude

The male and female American Rat Pinschers do not have many differentiating factors. Both dogs are extremely lovable and high-spirited affectionate pups. 

American Rat Pinscher Dog


The American Rat Pinscher is a lively and spirited dog, making it an excellent friend for owners who enjoy a bit of attitude in their furry companion. Novice dog owners may find them easy to train, thanks to their alert and active nature.

While they can be a bit stubborn, regular training sessions and professional classes help regulate any challenging behavior. These small pups may bark when frustrated, but consistent training keeps it in check.

Coat Color And Grooming

The American Rat Pinscher has a coat that is short and smooth. The fur on their back is fine and dense, and it could have a certain glimmer or shine to it. Since they are not pure breeds or standard breeds, their coats could come in a variety of colors as they inherit from their parent breeds.

The usual colors are black, white, brown, or cream variations. They usually have patterned coats with marks as their parent breeds do. Their short coats may make them sensitive to winters, and thus, they could be averse to cold conditions. 

Grooming these dogs is fairly easy, and they do not demand much from their owners. Their short coats make shedding fairly less, and they are easy to groom in terms of brushing.

Nail maintenance is an important part of grooming your dog. Make sure you trim their nails look for debris in their ears and check for fleas and ticks regularly as well. 


American Rat Pinschers do not shed very often; however, there is minimal shedding that can be controlled with regular brushing using tools like a pin brush. They are not hypoallergenic but tend to shed a moderate amount. 


The American Rat Pinscher is not a large-sized dog. Since they are small, they are easy to maintain and take care of. They are about 9-13 inches tall. They are only 6-10 pounds heavy, thus these pups. 


The American Rat Pinscher is a usually healthy breed, and they do not seem to cause much trouble when it comes to health concerns; however, some conditions can be looked out for, for example, Glaucoma, Obesity, Allergies, Hip Dysplasia, and Cataracts. 

Since these dogs are mixed breeds, these issues could come up as a result of conditions their parent breeds are sensitive to.

However, responsible breeders do not breed dogs with many health complications. Visit your veterinarian regularly to ensure no issues arise, and you can detect early signs of any health complications even if they do become problems. 

Health and Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance and Care

The American Rat Pinscher does require a good amount of physical and mental exercise to stay happy and fit both physically and mentally. Not very rigorous exercise is needed; however, routine exercise, like at least thirty minutes every day, keeps them stimulated and content.

Fetch and tug of war are some outdoor exercises that they enjoy as well. They can double as apartment dogs as these furry friends are easy to train and loving towards other dogs and people.

Ensure there is a lot of open space and yard availability, as these dogs enjoy their freedom when they have excess energy they want to exhaust. 

Food and Nutrition

This breed needs moderate exercise, and this implies food that is convenient for small-sized dogs with energy and growth needs. Supplement a healthy and nutritious diet that will keep them active and alert and, at the same time, help them grow well.

To personalize your dog’s diet, the right person to consult would be your veterinarian. They know your dog’s lifestyle and growth curve; thus, they can help you formulate a diet that will keep your dog healthy and happy. 

Exercise and Activity Level

The American Rat Pinscher’s parent breeds make them agile and alert. Their history makes them active, and these dogs are not shy at all. This means they demand exercise to stay in good spirits and remain calm.

At least 30 minutes of engaging in games, walks, and other activities keep them in a good state physically and mentally. Forty-five minutes or so of mental stimulation also keeps them content.

Not having them exercise could lead to burnout and behavioral issues in this breed. Thus make sure you positively include them in your exercise routines!

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


American Rat Pinschers boast excellent trainability, making them ideal companions for novice dog owners. Their intelligence and eagerness to please simplify the training process.

Positive reinforcement techniques and consistent routines work effectively, ensuring a well-behaved pet. Early socialization and engaging activities enhance their responsiveness.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability


The American Rat Pinscher is a dog sometimes considered a designer breed. These dogs are known to get along very well with gentle children in families!

Explore More Dog Breeds…

FAQs On The American Rat Pinscher Dog Breed

Where do the American Rat Pinscher breeds come from?

The American Rat Pinscher is a cross between the American Rat Terrier known in America and the Miniature Pinscher is known largely in Germany. 

What is the best diet routine for an American Rat Pinscher dog?

A diet that supplements energy for the exercise requirements of the dog and at the same time ensures they are growing healthily is the suggested best diet routine. 

How much exercise is required for an American Rat Pinscher?

Hour walks or runs or 45-minute walks complemented with games like tug of war and fetch keep the American Rat Pinscher content and happy!

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