American Eskimo Dog Breed: Characteristic, Health & Fun Facts!

The American Eskimo Dog, or “Eskie,” is an admirable dog with its white coat, lovely look, and dark eyes. Admirers refer to it as “the dog is beautiful.” They are a Nordic dog breed and a Spitz subspecies.

Eskies are entertaining, energetic companion dogs that like participating in all family activities. With family and friends, they are gregarious and outgoing yet shy with strangers. The Eskie weighs between 10 and 30 pounds, although they look like other larger dogs.

American Eskimo Dog Breed

About The Breed

It may be his fluffy white coat, cheery demeanor, or knowledge. The American Eskimo Dog has everything in abundance, and he utilizes it to enthrall his owners.

The Eskie thrives amid family activities and is generally used as a companion dog. He is jovial, friendly, occasionally rambunctious, and exceptionally bright—so brilliant that he is regarded as one of the most intelligent dog breeds.

He is a free thinker, inquisitive, and possesses an amazing capacity for problem-solving. He performs best in mental tasks like obedience training, tricks, agility, conformation, and other canine sports.

American Eskimo Dog Breed History

The Spitz family includes the American Eskimo dog. Spitz dogs are Nordic breeds with fox-like looks, thick coats, up-tipped tails, and tiny, pinched ears. Nordic breeds come in a wide range of sizes, from the little Pomeranian to the enormous Samoyed.

The unknown is the real ancestry of the American Eskimo Dog. What is known is that German immigrant populations in the United States frequently had little white dogs of the Spitz breed.

These dogs were probably the offspring of the huge white Pomeranians, white Keeshonden, or white German Spitz that immigrated to America with their German family. They became known as “American Spitz dogs” as a group.

American Eskimo Dog Breed Job Card/Overview

Breed Name American Eskimo Dog
Dog Breed TypeCompanion Dogs
Parent BreedsDescendents of the white German Spitz, white Keeshonden, or white Pomeranians
Height15 to 19 inches tall.
Weight Starting 30 pounds.
Life Expectancy12- 15 years.
Coat TypeDouble coat with a dense undercoat
Common Colorspure white, white, cream.
Grooming NeedsModerate Grooming Needs
Temperamentcheerful, affectionate, rowdy, smart
Apartment LivingIdeal for Apartment living
Pet FriendlyYes
Exercise RequirementsAbove Average
Tendency to Droollow tendency 
Intelligence LevelVery Intelligent
Energy LevelAbove Average 
What To Know
• American Eskimo Dogs come in different sizes – Toy, Miniature, and Standard. They have a fluffy white coat, erect ears, and a plume-like tail.

• These dogs are smart and need mental stimulation. Regular exercise keeps them happy and well-behaved.

• Their thick coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and keep it clean.

• Early socialization is important. Positive training methods work well, and they enjoy learning tricks.

• Keep an eye on potential health issues like hip dysplasia. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy lifestyle are vital.


American Eskimo Dog Breed


American Eskimo Dog easily fits into diverse lifestyles. With their moderate size and friendly demeanor, they’re equally at home in apartments or larger houses.

Quick learners, they adapt effortlessly to routines, making them wonderful companions. Their sociable nature extends to getting along with other pets and family members, creating a harmonious atmosphere.


Adaptive to Apartment Living

Suitable for New Owners

Sensitivity Scale

Comfortable Being Alone

Comfortable with Cold Weather

Comfortable with Hot Weather


American Eskimo Dogs make excellent companions. From playful interactions with children to welcoming strangers, these dogs are known for their sociable demeanor.

Early socialization ensures their friendliness remains a standout trait. With proper training and positive experiences, American Eskimo Dogs effortlessly bring warmth and friendliness to any household.

All About Friendliness

Lovable with Family



Frank with strangers


The American Eskimo Dog not only has a winning appearance, but he also has a winning personality. He loves to work out hard and is fiery and witty. He is a great watchdog since he is inherently wary of strangers.

Eskies need many opportunities to let off steam and exercise their active minds. If not, they could be excitable and bored, which generally results in barking and chewing. Your house and yard may suffer as a result of an American Eskimo dog that is bored.


American Eskimo Dog is a delightful companion. With an outgoing temperament, they easily form strong bonds with their family. Not just adorable, they’re also alert watchdogs, always keeping an eye out.

Their intelligence and eagerness to please make training a breeze, but early socialization is key to ensuring a well-rounded personality. While generally great with kids, a bit of supervision might be wise due to their protective instincts.

Friendly with kids

American Eskimo Dogs are wonderfully friendly with children, embodying a patient and playful demeanor. Their gentle nature makes them excellent companions for families, forging strong bonds with kids of all ages. While supervision is advisable, these dogs often become cherished playmates for youngsters.

Amicable to other pets

American Eskimo Dogs generally get along well with other pets when introduced early and properly socialized. Whether it’s cats, other dogs, or smaller animals, these dogs tend to foster harmonious relationships, contributing to a peaceful coexistence within a multi-pet household.

Barking tendencies

American Eskimo Dogs make effective watchdogs, but they can have a penchant for barking. Addressing this tendency through training is key.

Engaging these dogs with mental stimulation and regular exercise helps channel their energy positively, ensuring a quieter living space for both the dog and its owners.

Possibilities of Staying Alone

American Eskimo Dogs may struggle with prolonged periods of solitude. They thrive on human interaction and may develop separation anxiety.

Gradual acclimation to alone time, coupled with engaging toys, can ease this challenge, making these dogs more comfortable when left alone.

Pros and Cons of the American Eskimo Dog Breed


  • American Eskimo Dogs are known for their friendly and playful nature.
  • They are highly intelligent and respond well to training.
  • With their fluffy white coat and distinctive features, they are aesthetically pleasing.


  • Regular grooming is necessary to maintain their thick coat.
  • They can be vocal, requiring training to manage excessive barking.
  • American Eskimo Dogs may struggle with being left alone for extended periods.

Male vs Female Attitude

Male and female American Eskimo Dogs both make wonderful companions. Generally, males may show a bit more independence, while females tend to be affectionate.

Training is effective for both, though males might need a bit more patience. Remember, each dog is unique, and their attitude is influenced by upbringing and environment.

American Eskimo Dog Breed


American Eskimo Dogs captivate with their charming appearance. Available in Toy, Miniature, and Standard sizes, these dogs boast an elegant build. Their distinctive plume-like tail and perky triangular ears add to their endearing charm.

Expressive eyes convey intelligence and curiosity, making them a visually striking and captivating breed.

Coat Color And Grooming

The thick undercoat and longer outer coat of the white, fluffy American Eskimo Dog double coat are both dense. The hair has no waves or curls and is straight. He has a noticeable ruff on his neck. He has thick hair on his tail and well-feathered legs on the front and back. He is typically both completely white or white and cream.

Eskies shed a lot; therefore, regular brushing is necessary to reduce the quantity of hair left behind in the home and to avoid matting. It is advisable to brush thoroughly two or three times each week.

The Eskie is astonishingly simple to keep clean despite its light coloration. Eskie fur has oil in it, which keeps dirt off of it. As long as the fur is dry, when an Eskie becomes dirty, the dirt often brushes right out.


American Eskimo Dogs, known for their fluffy white coats, shed moderately throughout the year. Regular brushing, especially during shedding seasons, helps control loose hair and prevents matting.

To keep their coat healthy, start with a simple grooming routine brush a few times a week, increase during shedding, and maintain a balanced diet.


There are three sizes available for the American Eskimo Dog: toy, miniature, and standard. 

Toys are 9 to 12 inches tall and 10 pounds or less. Miniatures are 12 to 15 inches tall and 20 pounds or less. 

Standards weigh around 30 pounds and range in height from 15 to 19 inches.


It’s vital to be aware of these diseases if you’re thinking about getting an American Eskimo Dog, even if not all of them will affect the breed.

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Juvenile Cataracts

Health and Grooming Requirements

Shedding Quantity

Drooling Capability

Effortless to Groom

Overall Health

Capable of Gaining Weight


Maintenance and Care

As long as he is an inside dog, the Eskie adapts well to a range of environments, including small apartments and big houses with yards. The backyard is not the right environment for this breed. 

American Eskimo dogs require a lot of physical activity. They can become destructive if they don’t receive enough exercise because they are huge dogs in compact packaging. Due to their high level of activity, they adapt well to hectic families.

The owner and Eskie may both experience separation anxiety. Preventing this issue completely is the best solution. Avoid leaving the dog alone for extended periods, and if you do, make sure he has lots of strong toys to keep him entertained in his cage.

Food and Nutrition

Half to one and a half cups of premium dry food should be consumed every day, split between two meals. The amount of food your adult dog consumes is influenced by his size, age, build, metabolism, and degree of activity.

Exercise and Activity Level

American Eskimo Dogs are moderately active and love daily exercise. Starting your day with a brisk walk or playtime in the yard keeps them happy.

Their intelligence shines during interactive games and training sessions, which not only provide mental stimulation but also strengthen the bond between you and your furry friend.

Regular activity not only ensures their physical well-being but also wards off boredom, making for a joyful and well-balanced American Eskimo companion.

Physical Requirements

Energy range


Exercise Requirements

Capable for Playfulness


American Eskimo Dogs are a joy to train. Starting early with positive methods like treats and praise helps them grasp commands quickly.

Obedience training becomes a breeze as these intelligent pups love learning new tricks. Consistency is key, to shaping them into well-behaved companions.


Effortless to Train


Capable for Mouthiness

Tendency to Attack Prey

Urge to Howl or Bark

Wanderlust Ability

Children And Other Pets

The Eskie is a great family dog since it is friendly with everyone, including cats, children of all ages, and other dogs. Naturally, people should always oversee interactions between children and dogs; in particular, supervision is crucial since the Eskie’s high level of activity can be overpowering for very young children.

The Eskie doesn’t get much credit for getting along with the little animals and birds he likes to chase.

Rescue Groups

American Eskimo dogs are frequently purchased without a clear grasp of what it takes to own one, and as a result, these dogs frequently wind up in the care of rescue organizations and require adoption or fostering. The best place to start if you’re thinking about adopting an Eskie is a rescue organization.

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FAQs On The American Eskimo Dog Breed

Are American Eskimos fussy?

These dogs require a lot of care and attention, which makes them challenging companions for active, busy families. While they frequently like playing with older kids, their high activity level may be too much for smaller kids.

How should an American Eskimo puppy be trained?

Eskies do not take criticism or punishment well. Punishing your dog for misbehavior is not the quickest path to successful toilet training; instead, use prizes and positive reinforcement. With this kind of training, your dog will not only respond better but also pick things up much more quickly.

How much do American Eskimo dogs bark?

An ideal family pet is the American Eskimo. Eskies are extremely devoted to their owners and require their company. Despite their great intelligence, they may be obstinate. They are good watchdogs but tend to bark too much.

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